So what is The Psychology of Bullying? When children turn into bullies, there is almost always a psychological reason why they do so. While the majority of children don’t turn to bullying, the ones that do are usually crying out for help. The circumstances a child has dealt with in their life determine whether or not they will become a bully.
In the 1970s psychologists began researching why some children turn to bullying to feel better about themselves. The first group of children under study were schoolchildren in Norway. This study began after many children who were the target of bullies ended up killing themselves. Hence came the need for understanding The Psychology of Bullying.
When it comes to psychology and bullying, when a child has become a bully, they want to show their dominance over other children and be admired by their schoolmates for it. Children who bully others want to receive affection and since they are not, they turn to picking on other kids. Socially awkward children are often the target of a bully because they are less likely than other kids to have a peer come to their defense.
Many times, children who are bullies have suffered some form of abuse in their life. As a result, they often have trouble controlling both their actions and their emotions. They often struggle with psychological problems and drug and alcohol abuse as well as delinquency. A study conducted in Korea determined that any girl who has been the victim of a bully is more likely to have suicidal thoughts than children who have not. Other studies show that both gay and lesbian children are bullied as much as three times more than other kids are.
Experts related to The Psychology of Bullying have stated that there is not always a clear cut reason why kids become bullies. Some kids will bully others simply because they think it is fun. And when teachers don’t do enough, or even worse, do nothing to stop the bullying the problem only becomes worse. Without an adult intervening, some kids see nothing wrong with bullying others. There are also many cases where parents set a bad example for their children which leads them to believe it is okay to be a bully.
Kids who participate in cyber bullying also do so because they want to humiliate and embarrass other kids. They also want to appear intimidating and this is easier to do online than in person. This means that kids who don’t have the nerve to bully someone in school may instead choose to bully them electronically. Teenagers who are unhappy with their life often turn to cyber bullying to spam another student’s email account or spread a virus to their computer. Anger and pain are two things that motivate some kids and teenagers to engage in cyber bullying. Many of them suffer from low self esteem and have little to no confidence in themselves. Studies have determined that almost 80% of teenagers have somehow become involved in cyber bullying.
Kids who become bullies may need to be enrolled in an anti-bullying program. When these programs were implemented in Scandinavia in the 70s and 80s, it led to a huge drop in the number of kids bullied to the point where it now has one of the lowest average for bullying anywhere in the world.
There are different ways for children to be bullied by one person or groups. Some groups exclude the victims from eating, playing, or participating in the group. Some spread vicious rumors about the victim because they rejected or confronted the bully. There is cyber bullying which uses social media to control and humiliate victims. An example is taking sexual photos of the victim posting them on social networks or distributing them through mobile devices. In a few cases, this has caused the victims to commit suicides. This is a very extreme example of the bully psychology.
There are many different methods for bullies to operate from direct confrontation to social networks. Your child can be bullied by an individual or by a group. It can be random incident or last over a long period of time. It occurs in elementary, middle, high school, and colleges. No institution is immune from the possibility that some form of bullying will occur.
Bullying can become a huge problem if it is not dealt with quickly and properly. It is up to parents, teachers, students and communities to put a stop to bullying and cyber bullying. Before fighting bullying, one must understand The Psychology of Bullying.