Racial inequality is alive and thriving inside of the United States. While the reasoning behind some of these issues is up for debate, there is no denying that different races are more likely to experience hardships. This can affect anything, from the quality of schooling, to family life or employment. This article aims to point out potential racism issues inside the country through examining where racial inequality stems from in the US.
Racial Inequality in the US School System
Inside the American school system, black students make up about 18% of all pre-K enrollment. On the other hand, they make up 48% of all out of school suspensions among preschoolers. This continues throughout the rest of a child’s education; a black child is three times as likely to be expelled as a white child.
However, it is not just black students who are on the other end of racial inequality. While Native Americans and Native Alaskan students make up less than 1% of all students inside of the US, they make up 3% of all students who are expelled. Some of these figures might have a direct correlation with the quality of school they attend, which in turn reflects what neighborhood a student lives in. Almost 25% of schools with the largest percentage of Latino and black students do not offer essential math classes, such as Algebra II. A third of the schools do not offer chemistry.
On top of this, black students are more likely to receive education from an unqualified teacher, as they are three times more likely than any other race to attend a school where almost half the teachers did not receive required state certifications and licensing. Latino students are twice as likely as other races to attend these exact same schools. These numbers are provided by the Department of Education’s civil rights survey, which looks at over 97,000 different public school systems inside the United States.
Basic Life Needs: Income
The median income for white individuals is far greater than that of other races. The financial gap has shrunk in the last 20 years, but there is still a significant difference. In 1989, the median white salary sat at $51,000 annually, while the median non white individual earned $24,600 annually. By 2010, the average white individual brought in around $52,900 while the average non white individual earned $34,600. This has shrunk the average income gap by $8,000 in 20 years, most of which is due to more individuals of attending college and pursuing higher education. Nevertheless, the drive for higher education needs to continue, as the financial gap is still around $18,000 annually.
The great recession also hit different races harder than others. In terms of overall wealth, white individuals lost an average of 11%. Black, non-Hispanic individuals lost a total of 31% of their wealth while Hispanics lost a total of 44%. In terms of home equity, white home residents lost 24% of their home value, black individuals 28%, and Hispanics 49% of their home equipment.
As for retirement, black individuals saw a drop of 35% in their retirement funding while Hispanics saw a decrease in 18%. White, non-Hispanic individuals actually saw a 9% increase in their retirement accounts.
Racial Inequality in Prison
Individuals of color are more likely to feel racial inequality than someone who is considered white. As of 2011, 40 percent of all individuals sentenced due to drug charges in the US are black. Around 29 percent of the same group are white. However, more white individuals use drugs than black individuals. 17.1 percent of all white individuals state they have used cocaine while 9.9 percent of black individuals say the same. 17.2 percent of white people say they have tried hallucinogens as opposed to 6.7 percent of the black community. 46.3 percent of whites say they have used marijuana and 15.2 percent say they have used unprescribed painkillers while the numbers for black individuals sit at 40.4 percent and 10.6 percent.
On top of this, black individuals are more likely to receive a longer prison sentence than any other racial group. A black man is more likely to spend 19.5% longer time in prison for a similar crime committed by any other racial group (white, Hispanic and other races).
Putting an End to Racial Inequality
When it comes to racial inequality, the fact of the matter is it does still exist inside of the United States. There are different reasons behind each issue, and while some situations might revolve around the presence of racism or stigma against certain ethnicities, other issues come from the location a person is born and raised in and whether or not both parents are around to help raise a child.
Regardless of the reasoning though or why certain numbers drastically are skewed, these numbers inevitably show major problems – that not everyone is receiving a fair share. This information is designed to stimulate debate in order to help bring people together to come up with a possible solution.
Communities need to come together and work together to improve the lives of people who live within their communities. The stronger these people are, the better off everyone else is going to be. The better the schools are going to become, the more benefit they are going to bring about in the long run.