The category description of personality disorder is a main heading for a group of disorders. The definition is a behavior that is outside the expectations of what society considers normal behavior. In other words, society has a specific idea of how an individual should act or behave in a public setting. There are many forms of personality disorders; each disorder has a set of traits that during an interview with a psychologist or therapist, an individual will reveal when questioned.
Individuals with personality disorders may not even realize that they suffer from a disorder. They do not understand why everyone thinks her or she has a problem especially if the behavior begins at a very young age. He or she may feel that nothing is wrong with them or their actions.
Before interviewing the patient the therapist may question the parents as to what he or she can contribute to the question of behavior. An individual with a diagnosis of personality disorder may also exhibit other mental health issues such as: depression, anger, anti-social behavior. The individual will not understand if the behavior is unacceptable. It is a learned behavior, and a parent or care giver allows the behavior to continue or ignores the behavior.
Using the DSM-5 or the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders, and the responses from client and parents the therapist may extend the diagnosis from personality disorder to a more specific disorder such as antisocial personality disorder or histrionic personality disorder.
The diagnosis of a personality disorder is a first step in treating a personality disorder. Is the behavior a learned behavior or a chemical imbalance? The therapist must continue to question and research the home lifestyle and public lifestyle. He or she will contact school teachers and counselors to question the behavior while in class or school.
If the results of medical testing for chemical imbalance, results in a negative the therapist will then question the home life of the individual to see if the behavior is a result of how the child developed this personality disorder. Is it a question of nurture or nature, by making a determination in these aspects of the diagnosis the therapist can then offer treatment for the disorder either with medication or therapy.
The counseling may be individual or family to help the individual understand his or her behavior and why it is not an acceptable behavior. If the family home life does not reflect a cause for the behavior the therapist may ask about head injuries especially if the behavior has recently manifested in the individual. Studies show that sever head trauma can influence behavior changes in individuals.
There are many causes in personality disorders the answer is finding the correct reason and beginning treatment. The list of personality disorders is long with each disorder demonstrating itself with specific traits. Understanding the specific disorder is often the hardest part of treatment.
• Avoidant personality disorder– the individual may exhibit feelings of inadequacy and low self-worth. This disorder can lead to suicide or bullying behavior making themselves feel better be belittling others
• Dissociative identity disorder –or as it was formerly known – multiple personality disorder presents traits the individual has trouble identifying with memories or taking part of their actions. Pick on or make fun of others, get into trouble and not remember the behavior
• Borderline personality disorder– instability in moods and the inability to control his or her actions during these sever mood changes. Rage and manic behavior are common traits
• Paranoid personality disorder –the individual presents behavior that everyone is out to get them. Fear of being followed, going out of the house that someone is going to get them
• Schizoid personality disorder– these individuals shy away from social activities he or she will distance themselves away from social functions and behavior. The individual will often stand in corners or refuse to go out to social functions.
• Schizotypal personality disorder- these individuals feel a need to isolate themselves away from others have great anxiety when they are subject to a social situation. . The individual will often stand in corners or refuse to go out to social functions.
The list can go on there are so many personality disorders those above are just a few that are the more common personality disorders. There are numerous websites that go into detail on the specific traits and treatments available for each personality disorder.
If we take each disorder individually the following are websites where parents or family members can go to get a better understanding of the personality disorder he or she is most interested in.
This is article is aimed to help you understand or to help stop bullying which means there has to be an understanding for the reason an individual has become a bully. It may be a child or an adult, who is the bully? He/she is an adult who torments other adults in his or her life, or a child who bullies other children.
Studies have shown that the adult bully has either been bullied as a child and now bullies others, patterns from the studies show that most adult bullies are the result of being bullied as a child. A child may become a bully at school or in social situations where they themselves are bullied at home.
“Bullying lasts a lifetime.” (Copeland, Wolke, Angold, Costello, PhD, 2014). Bullies are not born they are taught the behavior at home; often a bully is a child of someone who was bullied as a child and has found that he or she can bully others. To break the cycle of bullying a therapist must convince parents that they are the reason their child is a bully.
Girls as well as boys can be bullies, an over demanding parent can create a bully who expects others to do and act the way that they do. A girl whose parents expect and demonstrate perfection in their child can produce a child who demands perfection in those around her and ridicules those who do not meet her standards.
A young boy whose father demands high levels of achievement in sports may pick on or ridicule those boys who do not excel in sports. Those children who are often seen pushing children around and calling them names may have the same treatment at home.
A new type of bullying that is causing major problems is cyberbullying. This is even easier for a bullying personality to form. The bully retains a secret identity by using social media or texting to antagonize others. Cyberbullying is becoming a social nightmare and if the bullying is harsh enough may cause death.
The posting of unflattering pictures or sneak pictures can be found on most social sites and cell phones. Those posting feel superior to those who are being bullied, because every can comment on a picture on a social network or pass the text along to others.
Those individuals with personality disorders that especially a dissociative disorder associate Internet or cell postings as just having fun, when questioned they reply it’s not hurting anyone it’s just a text.
The need for education and understanding is vital in stopping bullying. Parents that were bullied have to be reminded what it felt like to be bullied and counseled to stop bullying his or her own child. That way the chain of bullying can be broken.
With education comes responsibility yes it may be fun to laugh at other as a whole everyone laughs at the misfortune of others. Comedians do it on TV. A father may laugh at his neighbor who he feels cannot be a real man because he hires someone to cut his lawn. This signals the child that it is okay to taunt another child who can’t run or play sports.
By identifying personality disorders and treating the cause of these disorders individuals with one of the most common personality paranoid personality disorder will be able to walk out of his or her home and not be afraid.
What to do if your child has exhibited an adverse behavior. And you as a parent feel that your child is not acting as what you feel is normal. Talk to teachers and counselors at his or her school. Seek help from a qualified therapist. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. The earlier a problem is discovered the earlier treatment can be started.
Personality disorders can be helped if the individual and his or her parents want to get help. Especially if parents deny that there is a problem. We all shy away from the term mental health it scares the average individual. But looking at the words mental health should be a positive enjoying a healthy mental attitude is a positive and achieving it should not feel negative.
Feeling mentally fit helps in feeling physically fit. Those who have a personality disorder sometimes neglect their health by being afraid this can lead to over eating, sleeplessness, poor hygiene. The inadequacy in personal esteem and the feelings of I don’t care are not helping the individual overcome their personality disorder. Praise for reaching goals should be plentiful and often given.
Sometimes too much praise can lead to the individual thinking, how bad I looked before and reducing confidence even lower. The therapist can give the parents examples to give positive praise without causing an adverse reaction.
As a parent you can never have enough knowledge on personality disorders and how to treat the disorder. Keep in mind that your child can get help. If you are an individual who suffers from a personality disorder there is help out there. You can live a normal life.
There are many types of help available: individual, one-on-one counseling, family counseling and group therapy where you as an individual can meet others who suffer from a disorder that is similar to the one you have. Never feel you are alone there is always someone out there who can help.
Talking about your feelings and expressing the emotions that he or she finds hard to live with will keep an individual from living, working and enjoying life. The help you need is just a step away don’t let a personality disorder control your life learn how to control your personality disorder.