Mental health disorders can vary in strength and severity. Most disorders are broken up into adult, childhood, or personality disorders and then fall into different subcategories. The symptoms can be similar in many disorders, which can make it difficult for doctors to diagnose. This mental health disorders list will focus on variety of conditions.
Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. It is usually characterized by the serious mood swings that it can cause. A person with bipolar disorder can experience alternating highs and lows. These periods can last from a few days up to months at a time. The highs and lows will vary from person to person and many people who experience these may not even be aware that they have bipolar disorder.
The high, or manic, period is usually characterized by extreme happiness, irritability, hyperactivity, little need for sleep, racing thoughts, and rapid speech. The low, or depressive, period includes sadness, lack or energy, lack of interest, inability to enjoy pleasing activities, feelings of helplessness, and feelings of hopelessness. Normally, people with this disorder can have up to three years of “normal” mood between these episodes.
Bipolar treatment has come a long way and can now be treated with medications and therapy.
Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms
A person suffering from this disorder has a pattern of disregard for other’s rights and they will usually violate those rights. Antisocial personality disorder is usually called psychopathy or sociopathy, but these terms are not used by professionals.
People who suffer from this disorder lack empathy, tend to be callous, and cynical. They have contempt of the felling, rights, and suffering of others. They can be inflated and arrogant (have a feeling that work is beneath them or do not care about their problems or future). They can be extremely opinionated, self-assured, or cocky.
These traits are commonly seen amongst people who are in prison. They will also exploit and be irresponsible in their sexual life.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Also known as multiple personality disorder, this one needs to be included in the mental health disorders list. This disorder includes the manifestation of two or more distinct, and separate, personalities in an individual. At least two of these identities control the person’s actions and behavior.
These people cannot recall important personal information to a point that it cannot be explained by plain forgetfulness. These are not caused by drugs, alcohol, or other medical conditions.
The treatment for those suffering with this disorder includes therapy and medications. Therapy is the most common treatment and can vary. However, all therapy will emphasize taking the different personalities and bringing them together as one, whole personality.
People who suffer from this disorder have usually had extremely traumatic events happen in their lives and this has caused their personality to split to make it easier for them to cope with these events.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
People who suffer from this disorder are extremely preoccupied with order, want to be perfect, in mental and personal control, and are not flexible or open.
They struggle to make decisions if there are not rules or procedures that give them the correct answer. They also have a difficult time prioritizing tasks and may never really start on anything. They can become upset during situations in which they are not in complete control, but the anger may not be directly expressed.
They have a hard time expressing affection and can be uncomfortable around others who are more emotionally expressive. Their relationships will be formal and serious, they may also be stiff in situations where others would smile or be happy. They are usually preoccupied with logic and intellect.
The treatment for this disorder includes long term therapy with a therapist that is specialized in treating it. Medications can be prescribed to help with specific symptoms.
Another for the mental health disorders list is paranoid personality disorder. People who suffer from this disorder usually have a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others. They will believe that other people’s motives are suspicious or malicious.
These people believe that others are out there to harm, exploit, or to deceive them. Even though have some degree of worry in certain situation is normal in everyday life, people who suffer from paranoid personality disorder will take this to the extreme.
They are extremely difficult to get along with and have problems with close relationships. Their suspicions may come across as argumentative, constant complaining, or by being quiet and a bit hostile. They will usually act guarded, secretive, and appear to be cold. These acts will result in a hostile response from those around them, when only confirms what their original ideas.
Like with other disorders, this is diagnosed by trained mental health professionals. The treatment includes long term therapy and medications if required.
People how suffer from schizoid personality disorder have a pattern of detachment in social areas. They have a hard time expressing their emotions and communication with others.
They will avoid close relationships and often prefer to spend time alone; this leads them to be thought of as a “loner”. They have a difficult time expressing anger. They may seem like their lives lack direction. And they may have difficulty in acting appropriately to important events in life.
Due to their lack of social skills they have few friendships; they will date infrequently, and usually do not marry. Their employment will be off and on especially if person to person involvement is required. However, they do work will if they are by themselves.
Most people who suffer from this disorder will not seek out professional treatment until it starts to severely impact their life. This will usually happen when they are no longer able to cope with life events.
Once properly diagnosed, the treatment will involve therapy with a trained specialist that has experience in this disorder. There are also medications that can help with some of the more serious and debilitating symptoms.