There are four main personality types that every person can be defined under, according to Deep Think. They are Sanguine, Melancholic, Choleric, and Phlegmatic. People can also be a combination of personality types because of their unique DNA. To find out what personality type is yours, all you need to do is identify your personality traits. Deep Think says that there are ten different combinations that can be created from the four personality types. These are the four aforementioned categories, Sanguine-Melancholic, Sanguine-Phlegmatic, Choleric-Melancholic, Choleric-Phlegmatic, Sanguine-Choleric, and Melancholic-Phlegmatic. Sanguine and Choleric personalities are typically extroverts while Melancholic and Phlegmatic are introverts.
Definition of melancholic
The meaning of melancholic according to Cambridge Dictionaries Online is “expressing feelings of sadness”. People with this type of personality are often quiet and sometimes sad in general. They need a lot of help with self-confidence through constant reassurance of their worth. This type of personality is often susceptible to becoming depressed because they are low on self-esteem. Another melancholic definition by Websters Dictionary is “…one affected with a gloomy state of mind”. A melancholic mood was described in a clinical psychology review written by Adam M. Leventhal and Lynn P. Rehm in 2004 as a “black mood” according to the Greek words “melania cole” which translates to “black bile”. These words “melania cole” translate to melancholic meaning that a person has a dark mood or a sad disposition.
Melancholic personality type
A melancholic temperament does not mean that a person is going to be depressed. It does mean that the person is more of a thinker than an action taker. Melancholically designed people are likely to stay to themselves and have a small group of close friends and family members. They are typically pessimistic and are not satisfied with their actions because they are perfectionists. People with this personality are usually neat, organized, clean, and likely to finish a task. They are good at work and school because they do things in an organized manner.
Choleric melancholic personality
Choleric melancholic people often sacrifice things for themselves to give more to their children later in life like money, a good home, trust funds, and college funds. A melancholic choleric, for instance, has motivation to get a job done, but they may or may not care about hurting others to achieve their goal. These types of people are not very emotional. They also tend to look sad most of the time.
Phlegmatic melancholic personality
This is the worst possible combination of personality traits that a person can have. These two types of personalities are introverts, and the combination makes for a combustible personality. These people are often referred to as a short tempered melancholic because they are never satisfied. They are not good with people; they are never happy, and nothing is ever done right in their eyes. They find fault in every aspect of their lives and everyone around them. The people who are best suited to work and live with this combination of personality type is the choleric sanguistic personalities. The choleric sanguistic personality can handle the deep, dark thoughts of the phlegmatic melancholic without taking it too personally. They know what to say to keep the anger from overtaking both personality types.
What is melancholic depression?
The American Psychological Association (APA) says that people may have become melancholic as a way to adapt to something in our evolution, but they are unclear about what situations could cause people to adapt this way. Melancholic depression is a deep inability to take care of daily needs and a complete lack of self-motivation. People with this diagnosis can be happy one minute and extremely sad the next. This is often categorized as bi-polar depression. Being bi-polar does not define melancholic personality traits, but a melancholic person can be bi-polar. Having a melancholic personality does not make a person bi-polar automatically. Treating this type of depression is difficult because of the lack of research and few cures.
Melancholic depression symptoms
- refusing to get out of bed
- refusing to shower and take care of personal needs
- extreme sadness
- lack of motivation at work
- inability to work
- extreme quietness
- crying all the time
- withdrawal from activities and social situations
- staying home
- refraining from joining in family functions
- lack of appetite
- lack of interest in fun activities
- little or no response to family, friends, or co-workers requests and actions to cheer them up
- lack of energy
- feeling the worst in the mornings
- lack of concentration
Melancholic depression treatment
Treatment for people who have depression with melancholic features often includes medication, cognitive behavior therapy, and help with self-confidence. Most people with this disorder are given a few types of medications. These medicines can include SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), anti-depressants, MAOI’s (monoamine oxidase inhibitors), ECT’s (electroconvulsive therapy), Omega 3’s, and other medications. This type of disorder is extremely hard to treat because it affects the chemicals in the brain and the actions of a person. The Black Dog Institute in Australia admits that it can take any number of medication combinations to treat a patient successfully, but there is help for people suffering from this disorder. More research about the subject is needed to find a set of proven methods for treatment of melancholics with depression.
One of the best ways to adapt to a melancholic personality is to learn about the traits in general. Research into exactly what traits a person has can help them understand their weaknesses and strengths. Understanding the shortcomings of the melancholic person can help them begin to understand themselves. It can also help them prevent depression from setting in at all. People who are abnormally sad and who become withdraw from normal activities should always seek the help of their doctor or a mental health professional. These personalities are subject to suicidal thoughts and can become a danger to themselves with very little warning.
Treatment with medications like those described earlier should always include a strict monitoring regimen. When people use medications to change the way the brain accepts chemicals, it can cause unnatural balances. This means that a person can become better or worse when taking new medications. Sometimes a person does not feel or notice any changes. This just means that they are not on the right medication. Patience is necessary when trying out medications because it takes time to find the right chemical balance for each patient. Treatment with this type of disorder is unique to the person because each person will react differently to the treatments available.
Self-confidence and self help
People who have identified themselves or have been identified as a melancholic personality should use self-help books on a regular basis. Books and tapes that offer motivational messages can help this personality type regain some of their self-esteem. It can also help them become more self-motivated. They can improve their drive at work and school easier because they are concentrating on positive energy and thoughts on a regular basis. Posting motivational quotes and inspirational sayings within eyesight is another good way to help the melancholic personality stay on track. Learning to focus on the good things in their lives is a habit that can help the melancholic person avoid becoming depressed.
Opening up to the outside world
Participating in social functions outside of the home is another great way that the melancholic person can help themselves. Private functions at home can be held outside on the deck, in a garden, or on a front porch to help a melancholic person from becoming withdrawn. By actively participating in outdoor activities and social events on a regular basis, the melancholic personality can grow accustomed to being more open. This helps them train themselves to tolerate their fears and doubts in a healthy manner. There is nothing wrong with spending quality time reflecting on a project, but spending too much time alone can cause sadness, loneliness, and depression.
If you or someone you know shows traits of a melancholic person, it is a good idea to learn about the strengths and weaknesses that you exhibit. This can be done easily by writing down a list of each set of traits. This will help you decide if you need to make an attempt to spend more time in public or if you need to be wary of depression setting in quickly. Watch for symptoms of withdrawal and seek help immediately if you find yourself spending too much time alone. If you are afraid that you have become depressed, seek medical treatment immediately. It could save your life or the life of someone you love.