2014’s International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women is coming up on November 25. When the idea of violence against women is brought up, it’s not uncommon for someone to feel confused about why it’s treated like such a significant problem. Sometimes it’s true ignorance to the problem, while other times it’s willful ignorance and outright denial of the problem. In order to help educate people before the day comes, I’ve prepared for you this article, which contains violence against women statistics and discusses types of violence against women. Hopefully by the end of it all, readers will better understand this unfortunate epidemic and be able to contribute to the campaign to stop violence against women.
Types of violence against women
There are several types of violence against women that can occur. These include:
• Rape (an act of forced sexual intercourse)
• Child molestation (sexual assault on a minor)
• Sexual assault (sexual assault that does not involve rape)
• Physical assault (physical assault that does not involve rape, molestation, or sexual assault)
• Domestic assault (assault on a family member of any age)
Women can come under any variety of different types of assaults, no matter their age or the situation that they are in.
Violence against women statistics
There are a lot of violence against women statistics that people can use to better educate themselves. I am going to provide a sampling of statistics to get you all started and discovering some more of your own.
• In 2002, every two minutes, someone is sexually assaulted in the United States.
• In 2002, there were 247,730 victims of sexual assault and/or rape in the United States.
• A global review in 2013 determined that approximately 35 percent of women in the world have experienced physical or sexual assault. Other studies suggest that as much at 70 percent of women have experienced this.
It is still common in some countries that women may experience stoning as a capital punishment for things that are minor infractions or non-infractions in countries such as the United States. Recently, a Sudanese woman was convicted of adultery and sentenced to stoning. She was given no lawyer, and she was imprisoned with her four-month-old baby.
Female genital mutilation
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is viewed as a generally barbaric practice of physically modifying a woman’s vagina for a number of reasons, including the protection of their virginity.
There are four types of female genital mutilation:
• Type I – Removal of the cliteral hood
• Type II – Removal of the labia minora and partial or complete removal of the clitoris and the labia majora.
• Type III – Removal of all or part of the labia minora and labia majora. Type III also involves stitching across the vagina, leaving only a small hole for urination and menstruation.
• Type IV – Miscellaneous acts of genital mutilation.
Some of the most prevalent areas that still perform genital mutilation include Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and some European countries.
In July 2003, the African Union made a point of calling for FGM to be eliminated from the continent, and 25 countries agreed. According to a report, 24 countries have laws in existence to prevent FGM. However, many of these countries, including Egypt, Chad, and Nigeria, still find the problem to be prevalent.
While I’ve provided a fair amount of statistical information, the best way to stop violence against women is not just learning, but also doing. Make sure to read up more on the issue, and be sure to celebrate International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women this November 25. If you or someone you know has been the victim of any of the violence that has been discussed in this article, please be sure to contact your local law enforcement agency immediately.
The psychology behind women who stay in a physically or sexually violent household, workplace, or relationship
In a lot of domestic abuse situations, it is not uncommon for a woman to be too afraid to flee a situation wherein they are mistreated or abused. The reason why this often happens is that an abused women may be too afraid of punishment that may befall them if they come out to an authority figure about what is happening. This can be due to the fear that the figure may not provide the support that they need, that the figure could out them to their abusers, or that the only authority figures that they can rely upon are the abusers themselves. Abusers can come in all shapes and forms. A teenager may find herself at the mercy of an abusive parent or sibling; a student may find themselves abused or mistreated by a teacher; or an employee may even find themselves having to put up with an unsafe work environment, and unable to come forward in fear that they may risk their job.
Conditioning is also a very serious aspect of why people allow abuse to continue. It may be because the abuse victim has convinced themselves that the abuse is of the direct result of her actions or failures. Another possibility is that it is the product of the idea that because they or others view their abuser as a trusted authority figure or generally someone who deserves respect, they will believe that it must be their fault. This can create a negative perception of self, and lead to long-lasting emotional and psychological harm.
Emotional abuse on the Internet
People on the Internet are likely all too aware of the emotional abuse that occurs by certain groups of people towards women. One of the most common places a woman will experience verbal or emotional abuse in is the gaming industry, where being female is often call for people to treat them in a misogynistic fashion – no matter if it is on a forum, a chat room, or a video game such as Call of Duty or World of Warcraft. As such, it is not uncommon for a woman to hide her gender in order to avoid making her a target.
Sexual assault of homeless women, and the connections between childhood sexual assault and homelessness
Homeless women are at great risk for sexual assault, typically due to their more vulnerable station in life. A study showed that 13% of homeless women had been raped in a 12-month period. According to journalist Helen Benedict, 40% of homeless female veterans will experience rape.
Women are often forced into homelessness through abuse by a trusted figure, usually a significant partner or a parental figure. A study states that 43% of homeless women identify that they experienced some form of childhood sexual abuse, and many women identified that they became homeless after fleeing an abusive partner or generally unsafe situation in their home lives.
Sexual abuse in the military
A major controversy in the military has been the sexual abuse and an atmosphere of apathy toward the problem. It is often frowned upon for females in the military to report cases of sexual abuse, and as such, intimidation and deference tactics are employed to make them feel compelled to be complicit in covering up the crime themselves. One of the major problems of this epidemic is that not only are the perpetrators people in power to whom the victim must report, but they may even be someone who wants to protect and support the perpetrator or perpetrators. Further, the military is self-judged. Instead of the public judging them and the perpetrators being held accountable by rape or sexual assault laws, they are judged from the inside. It is very common that a person will not see punishment for their crime through a military tribunal, and the threshold of proof required is often far too extreme, making it more difficult for victims to prove that they have been assaulted, much less by whom.
Contact information for those experiencing violence
Reporting persistence sexual or physical violence can be difficult; in fact, it can often be downright terrifying. The fear of retribution in case it comes out into the open is very real in some people, and regardless of how valid their fears are, they may never be able to overcome that sensation. To all of those people who feel that way – it’s important to trust in yourself, and believe that you have the right to feel safe, and there are a number of different services intended to help ensure that people can get the protection that they need without feeling threatened. Here are some hotlines that can help. Seeking support is a great way to stop violence against women, and standing up for yourself can inspire other women to do the same.
- The National Domestic Violence Hotline
- The National Teen Dating Abuse Hotline
- The National Sexual Assault Hotline