In General Knowledge for the Family, How-To

How to Train a Puppy: Tips and Guidelines

Puppies make wonderful pets for a child. At the same time, they require training and care. Before investing in a puppy for your kids, make sure you are aware of what’s involved in its care and how to train a puppy correctly. Puppies need potty training, obedience training and gentleness training so they don’t hurt your children in the course of play. By learning how to train a puppy at a young age, it’ll be easier for him to integrate into your home.

How to Potty Train a Puppy

Young pups tend to eat quite a bit, making it necessary for them to eliminate quite often. Until they learn to control their bowel movements and bladder, they will have difficulty “holding it” until you can get them outside. To be successful in your house training, you’ll need to supervise your pup diligently to avoid accidents. Here are five basic rules to follow in your house training efforts:

  • Place your puppy on a regular eating schedule as this can help regulate bowel movements
  • Choose a “toilet area” for your pup and ensure he has ample access to this area throughout the day
  • Reward your pup for going in his toilet area
  • Keep track of your pup’s elimination times so you’ll have a better idea of when to take him to potty
  • Don’t punish your puppy for potty mistakes

On average, puppies go potty every half hour to 45 minutes when awake, in conjunction with their eating and drinking habits. Owners should adjust their schedule to accommodate this need. Puppies should be kept in a pen or crate during house training to avoid accidents inside the home.

Feeding your pet on a regular schedule is important to the potty training process. Rather than leaving food out for your puppy to eat whenever he wants, feed him only at specific times. A regular feeding schedule will help regulate your puppy’s potty time, accelerating the house training process. When it comes to water, puppy’s dish should be full at all times and his drinking monitored for pee runs.

Effective House Training Methods

If you’ve never owned a dog before, it’s only natural not to be familiar with how to house train a puppy. One of the most effective potty training methods is to confine your pet to one area during the day and keep him in a crate at night during the potty training process.

Puppies should be taken potty every morning upon waking and at night before you go to bed along with every half hour to 45 minutes during the day when they are awake. Their potty area can be outside in the yard or in a certain part of your home. It should be easily accessible so you can get to it quickly and puppies should be carried there to avoid accidents along the way. Praise your puppy every time he goes potty where he should and give him a special treat to emphasize your pleasure.

As puppies are just learning where to go potty, you should expect accidents along the way. Be prepared with plenty of paper towels and a cleansing product to remove urine and/or poop smells and stains from your carpeting or floor. Never discipline a puppy for his potty mistakes. By being alert, you can often avert an accident before the damage is done.

How long does it take to potty train a puppy? Most puppies can control their bowel movements and bladder at 3 months old. If you begin potty training at 2 months, you should begin to see results after one month’s time. However, don’t count on your puppy being fully trained until he’s 6 months of age. During the potty training process, take time to develop a loving relationship with your pup as this will encourage him to learn faster.

How to Crate Train a Puppy

Crate training a puppy involves keeping your pet confined to a crate in between potty runs during the house training process. As puppies generally dislike soiling their sleeping quarters, they’ll wait until taken out to do their business. Potty runs should be made every hour or so to give your puppy ample opportunity to eliminate outside his “den.” After eliminating, he can have play time in the home or yard.

By keeping track of your puppy’s elimination times, you’ll get a better idea of when he needs to go. Potty runs should be at least 5 minutes long to give puppy time to eliminate. If nothing occurs, return the pup to his crate until the next potty run. Once the deed is done, you and your pup can spend time together playing, cuddling or exploring the home. Remember to reward your pup with a special treat and lots of praise for a job well done.

How to Train a Puppy Not to Bite

Potty training is but one aspect of puppy training. When learning how to train a puppy, dog owners will need to include chewing and biting in their pet’s training program. Chewing, mouthing and biting come quite naturally to a pup, especially when he is playing. This behavior may seem harmless when your pup is young. If not curtailed, however, it could have serious repercussions as your pup grows.

Teaching your pup to be gentle is an essential aspect of his training. Through bite inhibition training, puppies learn to control how hard they bite. The following steps explain how to teach your pup gentleness when playing.

  • Allow your pup to nip at your hand during play. If he bites too hard, let out a yelp to startle him into stopping. Praise him for stopping and resume your play.
  • If pup bites too hard again, let out another yelp and stop playing. Put your pup on “time out” by ignoring him for 10-20 seconds before resuming playtime again.

The purpose of yelping and stopping playtime is to teach your puppy that producing pain stops the playing. Every time your puppy bites too hard, repeat the process of yelping and time out. Eventually your puppy will learn to be gentle so he can continue playing with you.

By providing your pet with chew bones or toys to gnaw on, you can teach him not to bite you at all. If he tries to nip your hand when you pet him or nips at your feet when you’re walking, distract him with a small treat or toy. Keep chew bones and toys within easy reach when playing with your pup to redirect his attention for mouthing and biting.

How to Kennel Train a Puppy at Night

Most puppies find it difficult to sleep in their crate or kennel at night, especially in a new home. You can help by not letting him oversleep during the evening hours and ensuring he gets plenty of exercise and playtime before settling down for bed. By taking him potty frequently during the evening and right before bed, you can encourage better sleeping habits.

Most young puppies will need one or several potty runs in the middle of the night to avoid accidents in their kennel. By setting your alarm and waking up at specific times, you can control your pup’s night time schedule. As your pup gets older, these times can become less frequent until they eventually disappear altogether. As your pup becomes more accustomed to his surroundings, he will come to accept his crate as his sleeping quarters.

Importance of Training Your Puppy Right

All puppy owners should learn how to train a puppy properly. Here are some valuable tips on puppy training to get the results you desire.

  • “Good” and “no” are two of the most important words a puppy can learn and should be taught to him by the time he is 2 months old. By using these words of correction and praise consistently in conjunction with your pup’s behavior, he will learn to discern good and bad behavior.
  • Teaching your pup to obey you out of respect is much better than relying on treats to get him to obey.
  • Obedience makes it easier for your pet to be handled by others for grooming, nail clipping, doctoring, and walking.
  • Teach your pup to behave at home by establishing home rules for acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Unacceptable behavior could include chewing on furniture, jumping on guests, and begging for human food during mealtimes. Once you’ve set the rules, make sure puppy learns to follow them.

Many of the same techniques used for training a puppy can be applied to training a dog. Through this training, your pet learns to follow rules and routines that encourage good behavior. A well trained puppy can adjust well to any household and bring joy to the entire family.

On the other hand, you can also learn about animal abuse and how it could be stopped.

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