In 2009, a study was conducted to explore rates and instances of bullying in schools. It revealed that around 15 to 25 percent of all students were shown to be victims of bullying, and 15 to 20 percent engaged in bullying others often (“Bullying statistics 2009,” n.d.).
Bullying occurs when someone uses force and intimidation to manipulate someone else. It’s all about power, and it is seen a lot within younger age groups.
About 20% of all teens had been verbally bullied (insulted, made fun of) by bullies, and only about one third of children actually reported being bullied.
There is a definite connection between bullying, especially that which takes place in the school setting, and violence amongst young people – including suicide, homicide, and any other form of violence. For students as well as their teachers, bullying can have detrimental long term effects (or affects).
It is vitally important to prevent bullying in any form before it can happen.
-Anything that aims to keep something (i.e., bullying) from happening in the first place.
There are three main types of prevention, which can be applied to physical diseases and illnesses as well as other circumstances, including the victimization associated with bullying, or violence stemming from it. These are: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. These are defined as preventive medicine.
Define Primary Prevention
Primary prevention is a type of disease prevention. (Define disease prevention: to maximize health by reducing risk of contracting or developing diseases.)
Primary prevention is the first step in preventing an illness or disorder; it aims to reduce the chance of it occurring in the future, regardless of whether the person is in a situation favorable for the development of the disorder, or whether they have predispositions or pre existing health factors that could induce it.
Define Secondary Prevention
If primary prevention is not an option, healthcare workers may move on to secondary prevention.
We define preventive or preventative measures in the second degree as steps being taken to prevent a disease or condition in someone not showing symptoms, and likely not affected, but with considerable risk factors or other known risks that make the development of this disorder of serious concern.
For example, say that someone is around carcinogens like cigarette smoke on a daily basis, and has been for years. Primary prevention of cigarette smoke – related cancer would be to not be around smoke in the first place, but secondary prevention would be to remove oneself from a situation involving common exposure to cigarette smoke.
Finally, tertiary prevention is the last possible step in preventive medicine. When a patient or person is already obviously affected by the disease or disorder, then tertiary prevention is put into play. In this, measures are taken to prevent the disease from worsening, to keep it under control and, above all, to establish the best possible quality of life and functionality to the person being affected.
Although primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention are typically defined as type of medical prevention, the ideas can be extended to the case of bullying and abuse. With this mindset, we can better define preventive care and define “prevent” when it comes to bullying.
Types of Bullying
To prevent bullying, we have to define it. It is important to know what it is and how it affects the young people today in its various mediums and settings. In defining bullying, we can help prevent it. Define prevent.
Much more prominent and well realized than just years ago, cyber bullying is an often extreme type of bullying that takes place anywhere that electronic communication does. Usually, this is online, such as in social media corners.
It may include stalking, as in the case of Tumblr user and author Melissa Anelli, who has been stalked for more than six years via the popular blogging and social media website. Despite FBI involvement, being issued legal penalties, and given further legal threats of incarceration and punishment, her stalker continues to send graphic threats, such as horrific rape and murder threats, to her via Tumblr’s ask system.
Cyber bullying is very serious, for many reasons. The emotional toll of cyber abuse can lead to serious problems, but cyber bullying can also extend to the outside world as threats become real and physical.
Perhaps the first form of bullying that one’s mind conjures up, classroom bullying is any sort of bullying that occurs between children and young people in a “classroom” setting. This includes schools, churches and youth groups, scouts, and any physical setting where children are cramped together and must form social bonds.
Sexual Bullying and Sexual Orientation Bullying
This type of abuse is presented as any sort of harmful actions that are based on someone gender, sex, or sexuality. With gay marriage and sexual orientation rights debates big in the United States today, these seem to have started to rise. It is vastly important to educate each other about the reality of this type of bullying.
Many schools and businesses are banned from discriminating against someone’s race, gender, sex, or sexuality, but that does not stop people from harboring hateful feelings against one another and acting on them. Primary, secondary, and even tertiary prevention can be vital forms of prevention.
Types of Prevention
Define Preventive Detention
Preventive detention is a legal term detailing actions taken against someone who may not have committed a crime but likely will in the future. Essentially, it is when someone is detained to prevent damage that they may cause.
Examples of prevention detention include arresting people for significant fear of possible terrorist involvement.
In the case of serious bullying or abuse, prevention detention may be utilized to prevent bullying from actually taking place.
Define Preventive Maintenance
Preventive maintenance occurs when someone repeatedly and continuously takes strides to prevent mistakes or failures via careful inspection, in order to prevent these or even worse, more major mistakes from occurring in the future.
Define Loss Prevention
Loss prevention is any program to stop thefts or losses from happening before they do. In retail companies, this includes anti theft devices. It usually refers to practices within a company that prevent losses — but, within this subject area, can be ultimately quite useful.
By taking other preventive steps, we can define loss prevention in a new way; as important steps to keep human losses from happening due to bullying violence.
Define Crime Prevention
Acts, laws, and orders designed to deter crime from actually taking place are instances of crime prevention. For example, a strict no bullying policy may not make it impossible for someone to bully someone else within the school building, but it may greatly deter it, especially if stiff penalties are put in place for those who disobey that policy.
Bullying is still a serious issue, despite recent strides in academic settings to reduce the occurrence of it. With these types of prevention, we can define and redefine bullying and stop it in its tracks.