Bullying in China

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Bullying in China is an integral part of the Chinese culture. On every level of society, bullying takes place. Bullying in Chinese schools is an epidemic. Bullying in the workplace is common. As a nation, China bullies the weaker and smaller neighboring countries. China invaded Tibet, cast out the Tibetan government and the country’s ruler, who is the Dalai Lama. The Chinese government persecutes those who it thinks are dissidents including practitioners of the peaceful spiritual movement of Falun Gong. In recent times, the international news reported China acted like a bully over disputed island territories in the South China Sea.

History of Bullying in China

Here are a few of the many historical examples of extreme bullying in China. One of them was the ancient practice of binding the feet of young girls.

Foot binding

Foot binding was popular for about 1,000 years in China. The practice physically restricts the natural growth of female feet. Parents bound the feet of girls, aged from four to six-years old, before the development of the arch of the foot occurred. This forces the feet to grow in a deformed way, which makes them much smaller. The practice also makes the feet difficult to walk upon and is extremely painful.

The supposed idea behind foot binding was to signify membership in the elite class for wealthy women who were carried everywhere and did not have to walk.

The Smithsonian reports that foot binding started with a 10th century dancer, named Yao Nang, who bound her own feet in the shape of the new moon. She danced on her toes to impress Emperor Li Yu. The closest customs similar to this practice in the West were the attempts by Victorian women in England to create tiny waists by wearing tight corsets or female ballet dancers who dance on their toes.

In China, foot binding went to extremes. A highly desirable upper-class bride had three-inch feet. A respectable bride had four-inch feet. Any women with feet larger than four inches were lower class. To put this in perspective, three-inches in length is the size of many people’s index finger. Just look at your index finger and think of having feet that small.

A pair of special “lotus shoes” made for such feet easily fits in the palm of your hand.

The young girls had no choice in the matter and suffered the pain of having bound feet whether they liked it or not. This was just one of the forms of bullying females in China.

The bullying process to bind the feet was torture that took two years to complete.

Here are the steps:

  1. The feet were soaked in hot water.
  2. Clipping the toenails made them as short as possible.
  3. Massaging the feet and oiling them was the preparation for breaking all the toes, except the big toes.
  4. Binding the toes flat against the soles of the feet came next to create a triangular shape of the foot.
  5. Bending the foot in two would then break the arch.
  6. Holding everything securely in place came from using a long, two-inch wide silk ribbon wrapped tightly around the foot.
  7. Every two days, removal of the wrappings to replace them with new ones allowed cleaning the blood and pus from the feet to prevent infection.
  8. Excess flesh was cut off or allowed to rot.
  9. The girls were forced to walk long distances to break the arch and crush the heal to the sole.
  10. As the process continued, the binding became tighter and the shoes worn by the girls became smaller.

The cultural norms promulgated the idea that foot binding was a method of beautification of women, when in fact it was a form of brutal subjugation.

Bullying of Women in China Changes

In 1949, Chairman Mao proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). A surprising element of the PRC was that Chairman Mao elevated the status of women to be equal to men, abolishing the traditional idea that women were subservient to men.

Quotes from Mao Tse Tung in the early period of the PRC are:

“Unite and take part in production and political activity to improve the economic and political status of women.” This quote was the masthead of a new magazine first published on Jul 29, 1949, called “Women of the New China.”

This was the new policy and continued to transform Chinese society. Another quote from Mao in 1955 explains the Communist Party’s position on women’s rights.

“In order to build a great socialist society it is of the utmost importance to arouse the broad masses of women to join in productive activity. Men and women must receive equal pay for equal work in production. Genuine equality between the sexes can only be realized in the process of the socialist transformation of society as a whole.”

Those who are cynical will immediately recognize Mao’s recognition of women’s rights as “two-faced” and not necessarily solely to promote the uplifting of women in Chinese society. The move towards women’s equality also served to double the workforce by making women leave their homes and go to work, especially in the areas of hard labor like agricultural production.

The Bullying by Chairman Mao

The tyranny of Chairman Mao’s rule included, in 1950, that China invaded Tibet. One of the worst famines in world history started in the late 1950s in China and lasted for three years from 1958 to 1961. Another example of a torrent of nationwide bullying in China was the brutality that occurred during Chairman Mao’s Cultural Revolution during 1956 to 1966. China’s “one-child” policy led to a massive increase in female infanticide.

Here are some details of the extent of bullying under Chairman Mao. Mao harmed so many people and tens of millions died.

China Invades Tibet – 1950

FreeTibet.org notes that in 1950, the Chinese Army invaded Tibet, using the overwhelming force of 40,000 troops. The Chinese soldiers supplanted the ruling class of Tibet, who were mostly Buddhist monks that could do little to defend themselves.

In 1959, the Chinese forced the Tibetans to relinquish political power completely. At that time, the spiritual and governmental leader of the Tibetan people, the Dalai Lama, escaped to India to live in exile, which is the condition that exists to this day.

The Great Famine – 1958 to 1961
Another example comes from the fact that China has a long history of a class system, where peasant farmers tolled under extreme conditions to support the upper classes.

The Great Famine happened under the Communist Party rule of Chairman Mao in the years of 1958 to 1961. During the famine, estimates are between 16 million to 45 million Chinese people died, mostly those living in rural communities. They grew the food, but the government bullies took it from them.

A study of the institutional causes of the famine, published in the Review of Economic Studies, concluded the famine was entirely manmade. The cause of starvation for rural farmers was the excessive procurement of all the agricultural output by the Central Communist Party of the Chinese government. The government took all the food from the farmers, and then transported to the cities.

After that, the farmers faced starvation. They ate everything they could of the meager things left behind. They ate the bark from the trees. They ate the corpses of the dead and turned to cannibalism to try to survive. Some even killed and ate their own children.

The inflexible government procurement procedures, including some high-ranking officials profiting from the export of food from China, was the root cause of the famine. Anyone who challenged the government’s position faced bullying, torture, and death. Anyone who spoke out about the truth of what was happening faced brutal bullying until silenced. Chairman Mao himself said that it is better to let half the people die of starvation, so the other half can get their fill.

The Guardian reports that for over fifty years it was taboo to discuss the details of the Great Famine in China or to reveal the real cause of the problem. In 2013, author Yang Jisheng, a survivor of the Great Famine, published a book entitled, “Tombstone” that explained what actually happened.

Bullying During the Cultural Revolution – 1956 to 1966
Not satisfied with killing up to 45 million of his own people with The Great Famine, About.com says Chairman Mao went on to lead the Cultural Revolution from 1956 to 1966. During this revolution, the Chinese nation did a purge of everything old, including traditions, culture, habits, and ideas.

Mao created the “Red Guards,” which included teenagers and elementary school children who went on a nationwide destructive rampage. They bullied the entire population into submission. The History website says the Red Guards persecuted anyone who was a “counter-revolutionary.” Many of the persecuted were monks, teachers, and intellectuals. People wearing “bourgeois” (western-styled) clothes faced attacks in the streets.

The Guardian notes that the Red Guards used techniques of bullying abuse, public humiliation, and violence on people who had capitalistic thoughts. Some children denounced their own parents. Many of those accused of being counter-revolutionaries died from the violent attacks or ended up sending many years in “re-education” camps.

By February 1967, the Red Guards went completely out of control and starting attacking each other. Mao’s wife, Jiang Ching, publicly encouraged the Red Guards to attack the People’s Liberation Army of China, throwing the country into deeper chaos. Mao had to split up the Red Guards and send the individuals to different parts of the countryside to work with peasants, in order to try to stem the tide of public unrest and property destruction. Nevertheless, the chaos in China continued until 1976 when Mao died.

One-Child Policy – 1980 to 2015

Time reports that in 1980, China enacted a law making it illegal for a married Han couple to have more than one child. This law ended in 2015. Chinese families consider female children a burden. When a girl child grows up, a dowry is necessary to give to the groom’s family when they get married. The one-child policy had the immediate effect of drastically increasing the number of abortions of female babies and female infanticide in China.

This is the worst kind of bullying, because babies are killed before birth or just after birth. Sometimes the murders of babies happen in brutal ways, such as drowning, suffocation, being buried alive, or discarded in the trash to starve to death. Millions of Chinese baby girls died because of this governmental one-child policy.

Some estimates are up to 50 million female babies may have died. The Washington Times says that forced coercion of the one-child policy prevented up to 400 million births. Allgirlsallowed.org reports on the horrifying cases of forced abortions for those who already had one child, if a wife became pregnant with a second one. About 13 million abortions occur in China each year and many are forced abortions.

Now, China faces a growing demographic of elderly people, with a lower percentage of working young people that are not a sufficient number to be able to support the elderly as they get older. Therefore, the one-child policy did much more damage than good.

These are just a few examples of the bullying in China that are engrained in Chinese Culture and directly responsible for the attitudes of bullying that continues to exist in China today.

Types of Bullying in Modern China

The history of bullying in China is one reason why people bully in modern China. The Chinese people almost expect brutality from their government. The current government thinks nothing about uprooting entire communities, at a whim, in order to build a massive public works project, like a new nuclear power plant. Political protests in China face extreme violent retributions from the state.

Dissidents go to prison for publishing statements or materials against the government or for promoting democratic principles. Censorship of the Internet blocks some of the Chinese people (who do not know how to use the work-around methods) from access to information that the Chinese government does not want them to see.

The bullying in Chinese schools is rampant and a reflection of the societal attitudes towards bullying as exemplified by the Chinese government’s bullying actions.

Humans are not the only ones suffering from bullying in China. Dogs, which most westerners consider pets, are slaughtered by the thousands and eaten. The BBC reported on the Yulin Dog-Meat Festival where over 10,000 dogs and some cats are eaten for an annual celebration. Many of the cooked dogs are stolen pets. What are the Chinese celebrating with this festival? Cruelty? Even some Chinese people, who are animal-lover, stage protests against this barbaric event.

Bullying News Stories in China

School bullying in China frequently makes the news. Videos of intense bullying, including physical violence often go viral on the Chinese Internet. CCTV reports that 43 cases of severe bullying received coverage by the Chinese media in 2014 and 2015.

Incidents of bullying include:

  • A junior high school boy, too afraid to fight back, beaten by three larger boys
  • A girl being hit more than 50 times in two minutes by two other girls
  • A teenage boy being beaten for nine minutes by three older boys and being hit by a brick

Examples of Bullying Videos (Warning: These videos show graphic violence, which may be disturbing to some viewers.)

There are many more bullying videos of this type. What is surprising is that the video footage clearly shows the students doing the bullying, making it very easy to identify them for discipline.

Unfortunately, the discipline for bullies in Chinese schools is frequently lacking. About half of the bullies face no consequences whatsoever. If the bullies are under the age of 16, they cannot be charged with a crime. The bullies post these videos to show off in public to impress other vicious friends, which further encourages bullying behavior amongst Chinese children and teens.

Viral Bullying Videos Cause Outrage in China
The International Business Times reported in June 2015 that viral videos showing brutal bullying of children in China, received national attention.

In one video, junior high school students attacked a first-grader and tied him with a rope. The much older students beat him, kicked him, and burned him with cigarettes. They were angry with the younger boy because he told his father the older boys forced him to shoplift for them. The police rounded up the older boys, made them apologize to the young boy. The families of the older boys paid the equivalent of about US$19,000 in damages to the family of the young boy.

A 12-year old boy from Shenzhen underwent surgery in a hospital for a ruptured spleen after receiving a brutal beating from three bullies. The bullying happened when he refused to pay a “protection fee.” CNN reports the bullies were taken into custody, yet they were soon released after their parents agreed to pay the equivalent of US$33,000 in damages to the injured boy’s family.

Incidences like this cause the Chinese public to demand the government reform the Chinese Child Protection Law to help dissuade bullies. Currently, there are insufficient laws against this type of behavior. The Chinese government does not do enough to prevent bullying. Most matters are settled by a quick payment to the family of a bullied child and the bullies are otherwise left unpunished.

The Strait Times notes that under the 1991 Chinese Child Protection Law, children under the age of 14 cannot be charged with a crime. Children between 14 and 16-years old can only be charged with the crimes of murder, arson, and rape. The only punishment allowed for lesser offenses is having to attend a reformatory school or a work-study program.

Political Dissidents
Another news story, reported by the Chicago Tribune shows how the Chinese government captures Chinese citizens and holds them illegally for months. Five Hong Kong Chinese men who work for publishing house called “Mighty Current Media” that specializes in gossip stories about Chinese politics were detained by the Chinese police. This happened because they published books considered critical of the Chinese government.

Three of them disappeared when they visited the Chinese mainland. One went missing in Thailand. The fifth one went to a Hong Kong book warehouse and never came back home.

The Chinese government held them in jail for up to eight months. Four returned to Hong Kong. One remains missing in China. After the kidnapping by the Chinese police, they could not contact a lawyer or family members.

When Britain gave Hong Kong back to China in 1997, the territory had 50 more years of self-rule, which includes an independent legal system and the protection of freedom of speech. The Chinese mainland government does not seem to respect the treaty it signed with the Britain about Hong Kong or the legal rights of Hong Kong residents.

Bullying in China Facts and China Bullying Statistics

The statistics on bullying in China are outrageous and very bad. It seems like very little happens in China to prevent bullying.

A study of 1,800 students, conducted in Hong Kong by the Hong Kong Family Welfare Society, found that 70.8% of secondary students from eight schools reported being victims of bullies. This rate is higher than the bullying reported by surveys of similar students in the EU, Israel, Taiwan, UK, or the United States.

Verbal attacks were the most common. However, bullying of Hong Kong students also included boycotting students to isolate them from all others, intimidation, physical assault, blackmail, and sexual assault. The study found that Chinese boys were more likely to engage in bullying and be victims of bullying than the girls were.

One way the Hong Kong Family Welfare Society addresses this bullying problem is with an innovative peer mediation program. Over 2,400 students took part in the program. The program includes 20 hours of mediation training for the participating students. After training, they serve as peer mediators to help settle disputes among the other students.

The program made some positive impact. Some former bullies joined the program and improved their interpersonal relations and communication skills. Nevertheless, there is still a long way to go to eliminate bullying in Chinese schools.

A literature review of Chinese research on bullying published in the Journal of Child and Family Studies during October 2012, considered the cultural context of bullying by Chinese students in schools.

The factors examined by the researchers included:

  • Social issues and demographics – Age, sex, behavior problems, and mental health issues
  • Relationships – Peers, parents, and teachers
  • Parental Involvement – School program participation by parents
  • Mass Media Influence – Lack of positive role models in media and media exposure of bullying has ill effects
  • Macro-System Pressure – The emphasis on academic achievement and collectivism versus individualism

The study noted that, unlike the United States, there have been no school shootings in China. This is due to strict laws that prohibit Chinese citizens from owning guns. Nevertheless, one incident in China involved a bullied student who slashed other children with a razor, killing two students and injuring four others. The propensity exists for bullied students in China to eventually lash out and attack tormentors; just the weapons used are different.

The researchers noted that the recent increase in the divorce rate in China created many new single-parent households. Children from single-parent households had much higher rates of being a victim of bullying, than those from two-parent households.

Emphasis on Academic Achievement

The focus on academic performance for Chinese students causes a lack of efforts by teachers and education staff to stop any negative behavioral problems of the students. Almost half (46.1%) of the bullies faced no consequences from teachers for their bullying actions. This explains why the student bullies frequently record themselves bullying other students and post the incriminating videos on the Internet.

Prevalence of Bullying

The prevalence of school bullying in China differs between schools and regions. A nationwide study conducted in 2009 of over 177,000 middle school students from 18 major provinces, found that 66.1% of the boys and 48.8% of the girls reported being a victim of bullying. The study found that younger students experienced more bullying than older students did.

Social Issues
Regarding mental health issues and behavioral problems, Chinese bullies, who had these problems, were more aggressive and impulsive. Victims of bullies had lower self-esteem, experienced more depression, and felt socially isolated. The research also identified a group of bully-victims. These children were both bullies and victims of bullying by others. The main characteristics of bully-victim children are more hyperactivity and lower social skills than other children have.

Parents

The parenting style of Chinese parents is authoritarian, harsh, and coercive. Frequently, parents used corporeal punishment, including slapping or hitting their children. The more exposure to such things that children receive in their home, the more likely they are to become bullies at school.

Peers

Amongst peers, the studies show that bullies are popular and influential students. They are able to get other children to bully someone else for them.

Teachers
Chinese teachers consider only physical bullying to be a problem and do not think that they should intervene to stop verbal or indirect bullying. Support and kindness by teachers has a positive effect on withdrawn students. A teacher’s aversion towards aggression reduces bullying. This indicates that teachers, especially kind ones, potentially have a powerful role to play in the success of anti-bullying efforts conducted in Chinese schools.

Parental Involvement in Schools

Only one study looked at the effect of parental involvement in schools. It found that parental participation in school programs moderated the association between the students’ classroom victimization and academic achievement.

Mass Media

Viewing bullying behavior in mass media is a risk factor for creating bullying behavior of children in real life, along with the bullies having psychosocial problems and affiliations with violent peers.

Macro-System Influences

Under-achievement in academic efforts increases the risk that Chinese children become a bullying victim. Students with learning disabilities are more likely to experience bullying. The collectivism nature of the Chinese culture elevates the group over the individual. There is more of this cultural attitude found in the rural areas of China, than in the metropolitan areas. Bullying is less frequent when collectivism is stronger because the group identifies with each other and values cohesion as well as harmony among the group members. The negative side of collectivism is that a group can gang up on an individual who is not a member of the group.

Bullying at Home in China

There is virtually no sibling bullying in China. Due to the many years of the “one-child” policy for families, there are so few families with more than one child. Instead, Chinese kids are bullied by their parents. The parents use verbal and physical abuse to force them to study. The parents define what bullying is by the bad behavior of adults and it all relates to forcing the child to study hard in order to do well on the college entrance exams. Few parents in China truly understand what is a bully and few Chinese children know how to deal with a bully. Younger children, who are an only child, do not know how to react when they first see bullying occur in schools.

Primary Bullying, Middle School Bullying, and High School Bullying

Bullying at school in China is most likely to occur in middle school. There is less bullying in primary school and high school. A study of 3,175 middle school students, published in 2015, showed the prevalence of child bullying incidents in Xi’an China was high. The research concluded that 54.9% of the children reported being a victim of a bully.

The research found a direct correlation between bullying and the following:

  • Being male
  • Father having a low education level
  • Father is unemployed
  • Having one or more siblings
  • Smoking
  • Depression
  • Borderline Personality Trait
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Being from a rural school

By the time students get to the university level most of the bullying is less and the characteristics of the bullying behavior change from in-person bullying to more online or cyberbullying.

In response to the public outrage over the viral videos of bullying, the Chinese government launched an anti-bullying campaign for schools in May 2016 that lasts until the end of the year of 2016.

In a typical, central party committee fashion, the Chinese ordered the schools to do the following:

  • Government inspectors must monitor incidents of school bullying in their districts
  • School officials and the Education Inspection Department must review the cases
  • Schools are ordered to create better procedures to prevent bullying
  • Facility needs training in bullying prevention
  • Faculty should have specific roles in making a response to bullying cases and solve them
  • If enough evidence exists, the school staff needs to cooperate with security personnel to file the appropriate charges
  • Schools need to establish a psychological consulting program to help victims
  • A hotline needs to be established for victims to call for help
  • Authorities need to educate students about the negative effects of bullying
  • School officials need to work closely with families and their local community to prevent bullying attacks

The anti-bullying school program sounds more like an edict from the Central Communist Party. It may be well intended, by why only run the campaign for a few months? Most realize the problem of bullying is so entrenched in societal cultures that it may take many years, even decades, to eliminate the problem.

There is a serious need for anti-bullying efforts in Chinese schools and comprehensive nobullying programs. These efforts need to be ongoing to stop bullying. Students need bullying information, resources that help, and training in how to handle bullying.

Teachers need to learn to recognize bullying signs, understand that the definition of bullying includes more than just physical attacks, and be required to take appropriate action to stop all types of bullying. Increasing bullying awareness is the way to begin to improve the situation in Chinese schools.

Cyberbullying

The facts about cyberbullying or Internet bullying show that it is on the rise in China. Cyberbullying includes bullying using any electronic system or social media like Facebook bullying. There are insufficient cyberbullying laws in China to deal with this growing problem.

A study of 1,438 high school students in central China discovered that 34.84% reported bullying someone online and 56.88% reported having been a victim of cyberbullying. Boys were more like to be both bullies and victims of bullying, than the girls were.  Students with lower academic scores were more likely to be cyberbullies. Students who spend more time on line are more likely to experience cyberbullying. When increased parental and teacher supervision occurred, the incidence of cyberbullying declined.

An interesting study compared cyberbullying of Americans using Twitter with cyberbullying of Chinese students using Weibo.

The main differences were:

  • There was more mention of a bully victim’s family on the Chinese Weibo system than on the American Twitter system.
  • There are fewer victims on Weibo than Twitter.
  • There is more teasing on Weibo, which may be just for fun and not counted as true bullying.

LGBT Bullying

Gay Star News reports that over three-quarters (77%) of LGBT students in China are bullied at school. The long term effects of bullying an LGBT teen are serious and may lead to suicide. Examples of the negative effects of bullying LGBT students are depression (42%), loss of interest in school (23%) and binge drinking (26%). The bullying of LGBT students is the reason why some teens self-harm, have thoughts of suicide, or participate in risky sex with strangers.

The school administration and teachers participate in the bullying of LGBT students. One student in the Gay Star News report named Xiao Wei told a school counselor he was gay. The counselor forced him to sign a written confession and then the student received punishment from the school.

In an article published by Radio Free Asia (RFA), it notes that 40% of the textbooks in universities say being gay is a mental illness. The Chinese Communist Party only removed homosexuality from the official list of mental disorders in 2011.

The RFA article said that a May 2012 survey by Aibai Culture and Education Center found bullying of LGBT people was rampant. It usually starts in middle school and continues through high school. It may even happen in universities or vocational schools.

LGBT students protest for the right to form LGBT associations and activity groups on university campuses. Currently, China does not permit this.

The USAID group says being a LGBT person in China is not easy. A full report on the difficulties is available called “Being LGBT in China: China Country Report.” This reports says that even though there is virtually no organized religion in China, there is still a strong cultural bias in favor of heterosexuality, getting married to a member of the opposite sex, and having a family. Employment discrimination of LGBT people is common. Strict Chinese censorship of media bans homosexuality from appearing in movies or television in any form, even subtle suggestion. Positive images and role models of LGBT people are virtually non-existent in China.

Many parents force LGBT children to undergo corrective treatment and/or commit them to a psychiatric institution. These negative reactions, especially by family members, are very common in China.

LGBT students are much more likely to experience bullying in school. The bullying is repetitive and severe. It starts as early as primary school and continues until university. At the university level the bullying of LGBT decreases and there is slightly more tolerance of LBT students attending college.

The Gay and Lesbian Campus Association of China (GLCAC) started in 2006. A 2015 report by GLCAC concludes that after many years of activism for LGBT rights and anti-bullying efforts on college campuses, only a tiny progress occurred. Many LGBT students struggle for their rights and fight for their lives on college campuses. There are unjust arrests, kidnappings, and punishments of LGBT people by the Chinese government. LGBT people face pervasive social abuse, bullying, and discrimination in society.

Gay marriage is not legal in China and there are no provisions in the law for LGBT domestic unions. LGBT couples cannot adopt children. In general, LGBT rights in China do not have official recognition in any capacity.

Teen Suicides in China

The suicide rate in China is claimed to be lower than many countries. On list of the top 100 countries, China is 65th. These official statistics for suicides in China are low; however, some are also very old (from 1999) and all such statistics are subject to governmental manipulation. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported in 1999 there were 13.9 suicides in the total population per 100,000 people and only 6.9 teen/young adult suicides per 100,000 people each year in China.

More recent studies, such as the study done by the Chinese Center for Disease Control in 2011, showed a higher rate of suicides in China of 22.2 per 100,000 people each year. If this statistic is accurate, this means China has one of the highest suicide rates in the world.

Another report covered in the Economist announced that suicide rates dramatically declined during from 23.2 suicides per 100,000 people each year from 1995 to 1999 to 9.8 per 100,000 from 2009 to 2011. This is a 58% decrease, which is almost unbelievable. The official national suicide rate reported by the Chinese government in 2012 was 6.9 suicides per 100,000 people each year.

The statistics about suicides from China are completely unreliable. The Chinese government intentionally under-reports suicides as part of the national propaganda agenda. The government does not consistently collect and report suicide data. Many past years have no official report. The WHO, for suicide research and analysis, uses the “official” incorrect statistics from China. Researchers note that there needs to be an adjustment for under reporting, because no accurate conclusions are possible from the manipulated data coming from China.

Workplace Bullying in China

Workplace bullying is the norm in China. However, there is no time for the typical office bullying one might find in western countries. The reason why people bully at work is to increase production output. Factory laborers in China work extremely long hours for low pay and are punished if they do not produce a high quantity of output.

As a typical example, the China Labor Watch organization has an expose’ on the working conditions of Chinese factory laborers making the iPhone for Apple. It shows the conditions are very poor with 60-hour workweeks and no compensation for overtime work.

Modern Political and Military Bullying of China

The Diplomat says that Chinese officials alternate between flattery and bullying in international political efforts. Bullying by China of countries in Africa is part of the Chinese attempt to grab natural resources from all parts of the world.

China’s bullying of countries in the South China Sea over disputed island territories is more of the same effort. China is now a regional bully in that part of the world, as disputes with Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines, and other countries escalate.

China continues to harass Taiwan as demonstrated by recent Chinese media attacks on the Taiwanese President. India is challenged by Chinese bullying. China is bullying Bangladesh also.

The illegal occupation of Tibet by China continues after more than fifty years. The reason why China wants to keep control over Tibet is to have access to the rich mineral deposits found in the mountains there, including uranium in Tibet used to make nuclear weapons.

The United States risks war with China by taking any aggressive actions to stop Chinese bullying. Even Canada can do little to stop Chinese bullying. Because the Chinese international bullying efforts are so blatant, affecting many countries, there are attempts to create a worldwide consensus about how to deal with bullying by China. So far, China is getting away with bullying on a massive international scale.

Persecution of Falun Gong Practitioners
A clear example of severe bullying and persecution by the Chinese government is the attacks on Falun Gong practitioners.

The International Business Times say that Falun Gong is a peaceful spiritual practice characterized by using slow, graceful exercises to improve health and well-being. At first, Falun Gong had support from the Chinese government, because of its positive effects on the Chinese people. The Falun Gong practice became immensely popular in China very quickly. Millions of Chinese began studying and using Falun Gong methods to improve their lives. Falun Gong is now practiced all over the world by over 100 million people.

The reason why the persecution began is that official Chinese government support changed to a complete ban of the practice in China, when Falun Gong practitioners staged peaceful public protests against what they saw as Chinese government abuses.

The Chinese government feared the tens of millions of Falun Gong practitioners and the power of the people this represented. This caused the top Communist Party Officials to institute a crackdown on Falun Gong making the practice illegal in China.

After the change in Chinese government opinion, the Epoch Times reports that Falun Gong came under severe attack by the Chinese government that continues to this day.

The leader of the Falun Gong movement, Master Li, fled from China and now lives in the West. The Chinese government arrested tens of thousands of Falun Gong practitioners in China. They are beaten, brutally tortured, sometimes killed outright, or held as political prisoners for further abuse. The Guardian reports the persecution has gone underground to uncover the remaining practitioners in China, not yet incarcerated, who continue to follow Falun Gong in secret.

There is significant proof the Chinese government kills the Falun Gong prisoners to harvest their human organs for profitable organ transplantations in major Chinese hospitals. StopOrganHarvesting.org has more information and videos about these horrific crimes by the Chinese government.

Conclusion
China is one of the worst bullies in the world in terms of its relationships with other nations, especially smaller ones. Internally, China has a significant bullying problem in its schools that is not being addressed with enough serious effort to make a positive change. LGBT people face severe discrimination and bullying abuse in China. The attacks by the Chinese government on Falun Gong practitioners and imprisonment of hundreds of thousands of them in order to murder them and then sell their organs, is massive genocide.

On a scale of one to ten, with ten being excellent anti-bullying efforts, the country of China would get a score of close to zero.

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