Finding the Ultimate Depression Definition
Depression is a Mood Disorder
Depression is a feeling of loss of interest. There are two types of depressive symptoms, major and minor. The definition of depression varies from person to person. People, including kids and teens, show signs of depression through a change in their way of thinking. At other times, depression can reveal itself through physical symptoms such as back pain or headaches. A definition of major depression is also known as clinical depression. Clinical depression is defined as a depressed mood that meets the DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria for a depressive disorder. Children and adults feel that their daily routines are not worth the work and therefore life not worth living.
Clinical Depressive Mental Illness
Chronic mental illness requires on-going treatment. The term clinical depression is commonly used to describe depression that is a type of mental illness and not a normal, temporary mood caused by events. Although the exact cause of many mental illnesses is not known, it is becoming clear through research that many of these conditions are caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, and environmental factors — not personal weakness or a character defect — and recovery from a mental illness is not simply a matter of will and self-discipline. For some people depression may occur only one time. Usually people have multiple episodes of depression. Individuals who are exposed to people who depress them feel worthlessness. For some people, depression symptoms result in feeling generally unhappy without really knowing why. Depression is not a weakness and should not be held to be so. It is simply not possible to “snap out” of depression as some may want to believe. Fortunately much progress has been made in the last two decades in the field of mental illness.
To clarify depression, known specifiers should be applied. These in some instances include anxious distress represented by restlessness or worry. Mixed features in other cases such as bipolar depression include — mania, resulting in elevated self-esteem, talking too much, and racing thoughts. Counselors apply a state of the art depression definition to treat people who express suicidal intentions and other self-harming behavior. The polar opposite features are represented in melancholia such as through sorrowful thoughts. Their outcomes will be accompanied by a lack of interest to pleasure, worsened mood in the morning, significant changes in appetite and feelings of guilt, agitation or slowing metabolic functions. Clinically depressed people may also sometimes exhibit psychotic features such as delusions or hallucinations which may involve themes of personal inadequacy. Normally, depressive people require long term care. Getting the help one requires will come in the form of some combination of medication and counseling.
Hereditary Factors of Depression
It is also now known that depressive mental illness can be a result of one’s genes. Heredity has an important part to play in an individual’s ability to master his emotions and behavior. Experts believe that many mental conditions are linked to problems in multiple genes — not just one, — which is why a person inherits a susceptibility to a mental disorder but doesn’t always develop the condition. Many mental illnesses run in families. Hereditary depression mainly implies that a person is susceptible to the illness than are others who are without the genes. The disorder itself occurs from the interaction of these genes and other factors — such as psychological trauma and environmental stressors — which can influence, or trigger, the illness in a person.
Research on Depression
Research has discovered that depressive disorders can be also be linked to abnormality. This factor is caused by uneven levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters assist cells in the brain to communicate effectively with one another. This is another form of messaging. Regrettably, wrong sequence of neurotransmitters will result in mix ups in communication that may eventually lead to some form of mental illness in a human being. One key method to define depression is the extent of harm done to certain parts of the brain in mental illness. This sort of mental illness is also observed in people with symptoms of clinical depression. In some instances, psychological problems arise by being exposed to severe emotional or physical abuse. Molestation and or loss of parental involvement can cause major upheaval in which to raise a well balanced and nurtured human child. Environmental factors are also a condition for depression in adults. Death, divorce, unemployment and substance abuse are factors that a depression definition takes into account when determining the mental health of a patient. If any of these conditions apply, a person may be at a high risk for depression.
Common symptoms of depression in children and teens are similar to those of adults. However, some profound differences exist. Children experience sadness, anorexia, bulimia, fits of anger and dependency. Some children may refuse to attend their school. In teens, the symptoms are alike with the added pressure of poor performance in schools, heightened sensitivity, drug use, and isolating behavior. Some causes of depression may be linked to attention deficit/hyperactivity such as ADHD.
Variety of Depressants
In order to treat depression it is crucial to know the particular characteristics of depressants. A credible depressant definition will entail alcohol, barbiturates, and other mood enhancing drugs that slow down body functions and provide a sense of slumber and or euphoria. Every depressants definition includes elements that are known to have a negative effect on a person’s nervous system.
Treatment of Depression
Now that a depression definition has been enlarged to include mental illness, how is mental illness treated? It is usually treated with some form of therapy. Therapy can be given in a variety of formats. The first is individual therapy. This therapy involves only the patient and the therapist. The second is group therapy where two or more patients may participate in the therapy at the same time. Patients are able to share experiences and learn that others feel the same way and have had the same experiences. The third is marital couples’ therapy. This type of therapy helps spouses and partners understand why their loved one has depression, what changes in communication and behaviors can help, and what they can do to cope. The fourth is family therapy. As family is a key part of the team that helps people with depression get better, it is sometimes helpful for family members to understand what their loved one is going through, how they can cope, and what they can do to help.
Psychotherapy is used to Treat Depression and Mental Illness
Since psychotherapy is the most common way to treat depression, it is essential to understand what takes place during psychotherapy. In this instance a person with depression talks to a licensed and trained mental health care professional who helps him or her identify and work through the factors that may be causing their depression. One specific therapy is cognitive-behavior therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy consists of several different approaches, all of which focus on how thinking affects the way a person feels and acts. The idea of cognitive behavioral therapy is that you can change your way of thinking about a situation, and when you do, you also change the way you feel and act. As a result, you can feel better, and behave differently in response to life stresses, even when the situation stays the same.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, (CBT) is dependent on learning. The therapist functions in many ways similar to a teacher. He or she guides the client through the process of learning how to change his or her way of thinking and then how to act on that learning. Because there is a specific goal and a process for arriving at it, CBT is often more narrowly focused. It also is typically completed in less time than other therapies. Other depression treatments include water therapy, massage, and bio-feedback. Creative therapies, such as art therapy, music therapy, or play therapy, and hypnotherapy can be utilized when depressive symptoms are manageable. In major cases of depression, Electric convulsive therapy (ECT) is useful for patients who are not responding to antidepressants, have severe depression, or are suicidal. ECT relieves depression successfully. Some patients continue treatment, while others will continue to take antidepressants. Thus, parents and care givers who have depressed children or adults in their care no longer have to be concerned about catastrophic consequences of severe depression, as help is always possible.