Bullying Statistics in America
America is suffering from a bullying epidemic. Bullies appear everywhere, from playgrounds to the hallway, public restaurants and even online. The Internet has made it easy for bullies to harass and stalk their victims without suffering any repercussions. Once a bully gets into your head, it’s extremely difficult to get him/her out. Bullying victims become constantly on edge, even if the bully is not physically present. They might suffer from paranoia, depression and panic attacks. Bullying happens not only to children, but to people of all ages and different social backgrounds. One of the most disturbing bullying statistics in 2013 by Safe Work Australia (SWA) found out that Australia has the highest workplace bullying rates all over the world. The report also stated that Australian employers lost $8 billion a year due to absenteeism and sickness, of which $693 million were caused by workplace bullying.
Media attention in recent years has been brought to the global problem of bullying. However, lately there have been more opposing opinions to the widespread attention given to bullying. Nick Gillespie of Reasontv, states that since previous generations did not make a great deal of bullies, the current attention given to bullying is mere sensationalism and not something of real concern. Others believe that it’s a matter of shifting priorities. Many heinous crimes were tolerated in the past and thanks to activism and global social awareness, they are now condemned. Examples on such issues include slavery, homophobia and women’s suffrage.
Humans are aggressive by nature. Bullying probably started since the dawn of time. In the 18th century, bullying-related behaviors like peer-on-peer harassment were very common but not treated with the seriousness that it deserved. However, humans are not doomed to being bullied. We should learn how to behave respectfully with others rather than to react purely on instinct. Just as we can learn to be bullies, we can also learn not to be bullies and stand up for those who are bullied.
Current Bullying Statistics May Not Be Accurate
Bullying victims often feel all alone. They may not report their bully because they feel that no one would believe them or do anything to help them, especially in cases of workplace bullying. According to a 2013 survey carried out by Trolled Nation, on behalf of Knowthenet. org, 37 percent of cyberbullying incidents go unreported. The survey involved 2,001 teenagers and revealed even more shocking bullying facts. The older a person gets, the less likely they are to report their abuses. Almost 85 percent of 19-year-old males have admitted to being victims of cyberbullying incidents without reporting them. NBC News reported alarming bullying statistics in 2013 concerning the elderly in America, where one in ten senior citizens were verbally or physically abused.
Bullying Statistics on the Rise
When examining these numbers, one would notice that recently, there has been an increase in the number of bullying cases reported or prosecuted. These numbers only show a fraction of the bullying problem in America. Studies often concentrate on a single town or state, or on a specific type of bullying, such as cyberbullying. There is no accurate, national picture of bullying all over the country.
However, if you have been bullied or know someone that has been bullied then you already know how bad the bullying problem is in America. According to a study by the JAMA Pediatrics Network in 2013, 80 percent of the youth commit suicide due to peer victimization and bullying. Many of these teens are victims of cyberbullying or other conventional forms of bullying. These numbers will keep on rising unless bullies are reported, anti-bullying laws are initiated and criminal sanctions are declared. Bullying should not be an inevitable part of the human condition. Fortunately, there has been a rise in anti-bullying laws across the nation. The time has come to turn the tables on the bullies.
Bullying Statistics Victims over the Years
When you hear about the annual rise in bullying statistics, you would often wonder about the victims and how this behavior has negatively affected them. Reading about the various bullying statistics and meeting some of the victims both online and in person, can open your eyes to the true magnitude of bullying. Some of the numbers show:
- At least 52 percent of teens have been bullied online according to the iSafe Foundation (2014).
- In a study conducted by the Cyberbullying Research Center in 2014, about 10 to 20 percent of young teens confessed to being bullied on a regular basis.
- One-million children on Facebook alone were harassed in 2011 as reported by Consumer Reports.
- DoSomething.org suggests that 90 percent of children in grades 4 through 8 have been bullied at some point.
- iSafe Foundation reports that 35% of children have actually been threatened online, some more than once.
The Bully Statistics
On the other side of the spectrum, there are shocking statistics about the number of bullies that exist online and in real life. While it can sometimes be difficult to determine the identity of bullies and what their motifs are, it is important to know how prevalent they are so you can teach your children to be careful and watch out for them. The problem with collecting information on bullies is that it is a far more difficult task due to bullying victims’ fear of telling on their tormentors.
- According to the Teen Online & Wireless Safety Survey conducted in 2009, 34 percent of those who participated in cyberbullying did so both as victims and as bullies.
- About 53 percent of children have said something that was mean or hurtful to someone else online according to iSafe Foundation.
- American schools harbor at least 2.1 million bullies (Dan Olweus, National School Safety Center).
Social Media and Bullying Statistics over the Years
Social media is one of the leading places in which children today experience bullying.
- According to the Pew Internet Research Center in 2011, 9 out of 10 teenagers have witnessed cyberbullying while they were using social media.
- In 2014, according to the annual report released by Ditch the Label, this number declined to 7 in 10 cyber bullied teens.
- 54 percent of the above number were bullied on Facebook alone.
- 84 percent of social media users have seen someone defend the victim or ask the harasser to stop.
- However, 90 percent of those who witnessed bullying on their social media sites have also ignored the behavior at some point.
This shows that most of the time teens are comfortable standing up to bullying, showcasing positive behavior and solidarity.
Parental Involvement in Bullying Statistics over the Years
In many cases, it is up to the parents to teach their children about cyber safety and how to fight against cyber bullies. However, even though parents work hard to help their children learn to navigate cyberspace safely, the Internet could still be a very dangerous place. Parents should be particularly aware of these statistics about bullying:
- More than 50% of children who have been bullied online do not report the behavior to their parents, leaving their parents with no idea regarding this behavior (McAfee Online Safety for Kids programme, 2013).
- A 2011 Pew Internet and American Life Survey revealed only about 7% of parents are concerned about cyberbullying in general.
- The American Osteopathic Association reports that 52 percent of parents are concerned with bullying on social media sites. However, only 1 in 6 parents are familiar with this behavior in regard to their children.
- About 10 percent of teens report bullying online to their parents according to the Hartford County Examiner.
- Only 1/5 of those instances are reported to law enforcement officials.
Reasons for Bullying
Understanding the motifs behind bullying behavior can help parents and teachers teach children how to refrain from doing so. The more information parents, teachers and school administrators have, the fewer bullying incidents will occur. Thankfully, there are is an increase in the number of bullying statistics that reveal why children become bullies online and in real life.
According to the 2009 survey by the Teen Online & Wireless Safety, the most common reasons for bullying include:
- 11% show off for their friends.
- 14% want to be mean.
- 21% are out to embarrass the victim.
- 28% use it for entertainment.
- 58% are trying to get back at the victim for various reasons.
- 58% feel the victim deserves it.
- 16% have other reasons.
Why Does Bullying Occur Online?
Bullying has been an issue for many years so why is it so common online today? There are many reasons why cyberbullying has become a popular way for children to attack other children verbally and emotionally. Even though many children and teens attempt to use the Internet safely, learning why the Internet is commonly used will help you understand the psychology behind the phenomenon.
- About 80 percent of teens use cell phones, particularly smartphones, on a regular basis.
- The Teen Online & Wireless Safety Survey revealed 81 percent of children and teens think it is easier to pull off bullying online and avoid the consequences.
- The same survey shows 80 percent of youth feel they can hide the behavior more easily online.
School Violence is also a prevalent part of bullying statistics
- In 2011, 20% of high school students were bullied at school, and 33% reported being involved in a physical fight in the last year.
- In one month, nearly 6 percent of high schoolers stayed home because they felt unsafe at or on their way to school.
- More than 7 percent of 9th through 12th graders reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property at least once in the last year. An additional 6 percent admitted to bringing a weapon to school for protection.
More statistics on bullying reveal alarming numbers, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) mentioned that The School Crime Supplement asked students ages 12–18 who reported being bullied at school to indicate the location at which they had been victimized. In 2011, of students who reported being bullied, about 46 percent of students reported that the bullying occurred in the hallway or stairwell at school during the school year (figure 11.2 and table 11.2).
In addition, 33 percent reported being bullied inside the classroom, and 22 percent reported being bullied outside on school grounds. Eleven percent reported being bullied in the bathroom or locker room, 9 percent reported being bullied in the cafeteria, 7 percent reported being bullied on the school bus, and 2% reported being bullied somewhere else in school. For the most part, the percentages of students who reported being bullied in various locations did not differ by student or school characteristics.
Thankfully, as many as 68 percent of teens realize that cyberbullying is a serious problem that needs to be addressed. Even though many of them don’t yet stand up to bullies, with the right encouragement and education, it will become easier for these children and teens to really make a difference and reduce the amount of bullying that takes place, both online and in real life.
Remember that the effect of bullying doesn’t end with the incident, Science Daily reports that bullying can affect a child’s health on the short and long term “researchers found that bullying at any age was associated with worse mental and physical health, increased depressive symptoms and lower self-worth. Participants who experienced chronic bullying also reported increased difficulties in physical activities like walking, running or participating in sports. Those who experienced bullying in the past and were also experiencing bullying in the present showed the lowest health scores.”
The study followed a group of 4,297 children and adolescents from fifth to tenth grade in the USA. The researchers periodically interviewed them about their mental and physical health and their experience(s) with bullying. Another Study showed that being bullied at primary school age can cause enough distress to significantly increase the risk of self-harming in later adolescence. Almost 5,000 participants in the Children of the 90s study were assessed for exposure to bullying between seven and ten years of age and later asked whether they had engaged in self-harm at sixteen to seventeen years.
Bullying Statistics 2013
Bullying is a problem that is encountered in many schools. One out of three students is bullied during the school year according to the National Center for Educational Statistics. Bullying often causes physical and psychological symptoms in victims like headaches, stomach aches, depression, and anxiety. School bullying prevention programs are known to decrease bullying in schools up to 25 percent. About 28 percent of students in grades 6-12 experience some form of bullying according to bullying statistics 2013. Over 30 percent of students admit to bullying classmates and peers. When an adult intervenes in a bullying incident, it stops within 10 seconds or more about 57 percent of the time. This is why addressing the problem often cuts down on bullying incidents that happen daily. There are many different types of bullying. According to Hertz, Donato and Wright there is a strong correlation between bullying and suicide related behaviors. The relationship is often influenced by o factors like depression and delinquency. Those bullied by peers were more likely to think of suicide and even attempt it.
Bullying has many forms verbal, social, physical, and cyber bullying. Middle school students reports many different forms of bullying during the school years. About 44.2% of bullying is teasing which is often playing jokes and calling a child names. Over 43.3% of children have rumors and lies spread about them verbally or online. About 36.3% of children experience pushing and shoving in lines or class, 32.4% report hitting, shoving, and kicking by peers, and 29.2% have been left out or ignored by classmates. About 28.5% of middle school students been threatened by peers and classmates and 27.4 report someone stealing their belongings as another type of bullying. Over 23.7% report sexual comments and gestures as another form of bullying. Where does bullying occur many parents and teachers wonder about the location. Bullying takes place on school grounds and often on the bus. This is not the only place it occurs however ! Cyber bullying occurs on cell phones and online on social networks, boards, and through email. A study of middle school students reported that they were bullied about 29.3% in classrooms, 29.0% in the school hallways or near lockers, and 23.4% in the cafeteria. Other locations that school student were bullied were 19.5% of the time the gym or PE class, the bathroom 12.2%, and the playground or recess 6.2% .. This study shows that bullying occurs in many locations where children gather to study, play, or hang out. Only between 20 to 30 percent of students that are bullied tell an adult or teacher about the incident.
Statistics on bullying 2013 are very broad. Adolescent girls are more likely to be victims as well as bullies than boys. It is related to a number of factors like low self esteem, anger, frustration, and other suicidal issues. Often cyber bullying comes about because of other problems in the child’s life like substance abuse, drugs, school performance issues, and delinquency. Regular bullying and cyber bullying are believed to be linked to violence among youth, suicide and even murder. Over 77 percent of students have been bullied verbally, mentally, and physically. Each day about 160,000 students miss school because of bullying or because of their fear of being bullied. The sad fact is that every 7 minutes a child is bullied on the playground. Adult intervention is often 4%, peer or classmate intervention is 11%, and no intervention is 85%. This means that is more common for these incidents to be ignored. The Bureau of Justice School Bullying and Cyber Bullying reports that bullying often leads to violence. About 87 percent of students say school shootings are motivated by the desire to get back at those who have hurt them. About 86 percent in this study cite bullying as the reason that kids turn to lethal violence. Some students believe that experiencing physical or emotional abuse at home can lead to similar behavior at school. About 61% linked school shootings with the perpetrator being physically abused at home. These are some of the statistics from their study. Knowing about some of the statistics on bullying 2013 helps parents and teachers recognize the signs. Knowing the different forms of bullying helps adults formulate a plan. Verbal bullying often is when kids call each other names, tease, or play mean pranks. Physical bullying is hitting another person, shoving, kicking, tripping and spitting. Social emotional bullying is when a child is left out of the group in activities in school or online in discussion groups and boards. Cyber bullying is using a mobile phone or the Internet to do harm to others. This can involve sending someone nasty emails or photos. Posting comments about someone online on social networks or even taking photos with a cell phone and texting the photos to different people. The effects of bullying results in many problems for children, teens and college students. Many children have a change in eating and sleeping habits, and often have a drop in grades. Many kids that are bullied skip school, or drop out. These are just some of the effects of bullying. Knowing the bullying statistics for 2013 gives parents, teachers, and other adults knowledge of the problem. It does not stop or resolve the problem that many boys and girls face every day at school or online. This problem affects all groups despite the race, sex, gender, religion, or nationality. Some statistics give higher rates for handicapped and LGBT youth. Two important things experts often stress about cyberstalking are that stalkers can be anybody, and it can happen to anybody. While there are some cyberstalking statistics that can give an idea about what stalking typically looks like, anyone who knows how to work a computer can stalk, and anyone who has an online presence can be stalked. Several studies related to statistics on bullying 2013 have been done to see the different stalking statistics of men and women. It is estimated that, in the US, one million women and 370,000 men are stalked every year. Victims of cyberstalking tend to be females between the ages of 18-29. National stalking figures show men are overwhelmingly more often the stalker at 87 percent. According to another study they did at a university, the figure may be closer among college students at 45% female and 56% male. Stalking Statistics and Workplace Bullying statistics 2012 Most of the time, the stalker knows their victim offline as well. However, it is becoming more and more popular for online stalkers to be online “friends” only. Of the cases reported on statistics on bullying 2013, of those who had a relationship with their stalkers, 24% were ex lovers and 19% were online acquaintances. In 2013, the harassment most often began with emails (30%) and Facebook (30%). Only 25% of the cases had threats offline. The average duration of stalking can last up to 2 years. This was longer for stalkers who had been intimate partners with the victim. Cyberstalking originates most often along the east coast. Texas, California and some of the Great Lake States were also among the highest in the nation for reports of cyberstalking in 2011. Bullying statistics 2013 offer key points on what to look for in your child or at children in school. Knowing the types of bullying and where it occurs gives an adult the advantage. Remember statistics on bullying 2013 point to a problem that must be addressed to change things.