Workplace bullying is a social problem that an individual or a group of people face in their workplace. It entails constant pressure or harassment on basis of race, religion or gender. The term is still being coined and is going through a lot of various definitions as we speak.
Often it looks like someone is devaluing your opinion or ignoring your comments on constant basis, the manager is overworking you and not compensating for the extra work you do, a manager threatening you or intimidating you into results, or saying negative comments on your background and social life. There aren’t any exact acts that are counted as bullying in the workplace, but as you can see, the term stretches to include a lot of actions that are pointed towards one in the workplace, putting them under stress, pressure and anxiety without giving them an outlet the express their concerns about this kind of misbehaviour. We each hold different kinds of jobs.
Therefore, the kind of bullying we might get subjected to comes in different patterns and forms. A person getting bullied in their work place with their workplace being a factory is different that a person who falls target for bullying in the workplace when the workplace is a multinational company. The kind of stress and anxiety is different; also the magnitude of the damage the target has to face is significantly different as well. Workplace bullying in a factory for instance can be obvious if someone is trying to score points with the administration on account of manipulating or rather twisting of facts. However, in a company workplace bullying can have the form of taking credit for the target’s work or over working an employee if you are in a position of management or favoring an employee over the other on basis that are unacceptable in a civil work environment. As we mentioned before the term is still relatively new and being amended every day. Workplace bullying, much like all kinds of bullying, is not exclusive to the confined area that is your workplace. It can follow you home if it is taken out of the office and into your laptop or phone in another attempt which we call cyber-bullying.
The combination of these two kinds of bullying could be lethal. bullying in the workplace puts the target under a lot of pressure during their working hours, but it ends with the working hours ending. In some other cases, the bullying in the workplace follows you home. The kind of stress you are put under with this combination is hideous.
Statistic from the 2007 WBI-Zogby survey show that 13% of U.S. employees report being bullied currently, 24% say they have been bullied in the past and an additional 12% say they have witnessed bullying in the workplace. Nearly half of all American workers (49%) report that they have been affected by workplace bullying, either being a target themselves or having witnessed abusive behavior against a co-worker.
Although socio-economic factors may play a role in the abuse, researchers from the Project for Wellness and Work-Life suggest that “workplace bullying, by definition, is not explicitly connected to demographic markers such as sex and ethnicity” (p. 151). Because 1 in 10 employees experiences workplace bullying, the prevalence of this issue is cause for great concern, even as initial data about this issue are reviewed.
In 2008, Dr. Judy Fisher-Blando wrote a doctoral research dissertation on Aggressive Behavior: Workplace Bullying and Its Effect on Job Satisfaction and Productivity. The scientific study determined that almost 75% of employees surveyed had been affected by bullying in the workplace, whether as a target or a witness. Further research showed the types of bullying behaviour, and organizational support.
In terms of gender, the Workplace Bullying Institute (2007) states that women appear to be at greater risk of becoming a bullying target, as 57% of those who reported being targeted for abuse were women. Men are more likely to participate in aggressive bullying behaviour (60%), however when the bully is a woman her target is more likely to be a woman as well (71%).
Race also may play a role in the experience of bullying in the workplace. According to the Workplace Bullying Institute (2007), the comparison of reported combined bullying (current + ever bullied) prevalence percentages reveals the pattern from most to least:
The reported rates of witnessing bullying were:
The percentages of those reporting that they have neither experienced nor witnessed mistreatment were