Schools and similar educational organizations devise many campaigns and tactics to put an end to bullying. One of these methods is the behavior intervention plan. It is a multi-dimensional, data-driven process that depends on teamwork. The plan could be tailored according to each specific problem whether in school or any other social setting. You can also create your desired plan and improvise on the rules as much as you like. Learn how to develop a behavior intervention plan in three simple steps.
What is a Behavior Intervention Plan?
A behavior intervention plan is tailored according to each case separately. It applies scientific behavior modification techniques in sequential, organized steps to achieve the best outcomes. Benefits of a positive behavior intervention plan include:
- Addressing specific issues like bullying in a specific, concise manner.
- Uses critical thinking and scientific methods to approach problems.
- Involves every person (parents, teachers, bullied teens, etc.) in the development process.
- Provides thorough intervention to current problems and monitors the solution until its validity is proven.
- Teaches the kids self-management skills.
- Improves the quality of life of the individual, his or her family and members of the educational system.
- Recognizes negative behavioral triggers and implements methods of prevention.
In our specific case, we are developing a behavior intervention plan for a bullied student. There are three main steps by which you can devise a valid template for solving any problem, including our case study. These steps must be consistent with the American federal regulations and are reflected in the following order:
1) Collecting Data and Background Information
This is the step that initiates the behavior intervention plan development. First you need to collect background information regarding the behavior of the subject in question (in our case, the bullied student). Data gathering could be through various sources:
- Academic records.
- Student report cards.
- Interviewing the student’s parents and peers.
- Face-to-face interview with the student.
- Direct observation of the student in variable settings.
- Completing relevant behavioral checklists.
Collected data should objectively reflect the student’s areas of strength and points of deficiency. Background data should be properly documented and verified from the school administration, giving great care to issues that interfere with the student’s learning process (e.g. class removal, suspension, criminal records).
2) Functional Behavior Analysis/Assessment (FBA)
It is formally defined as the analysis of the data responsible for behavioral problems. This is the heart of the behavior intervention planning process. It analyzes the contextual data using a variety of techniques and strategies to uncover the reason behind unacceptable or inappropriate behavior.
The purpose of the FBA is to develop a positive behavior that serves the same function as the unacceptable one so that the student doesn’t feel uncomfortable and at the same time ceases clashing with parents and school administration.
- What are the precipitating factors behind this kind of behavior?
- What are the consequences resulting from this behavior?
- What is the purpose of this behavior?
In 1998, McConnell, Hilvitz, and Cox provided a 10-step procedure for conducting a FBA:
- Describe the seriousness of the behavioral problem.
- Define the behavioral problem.
- Collect information on the problem using varied techniques and strategies.
- Analyze gathered data using social science strategies like data triangulation or problem pathway analysis.
- Predict the social and environmental conditions in which the behavior most flourishes and in which it is least likely to happen.
- Test the accuracy of predicted contextual data using analog assessment.
- Develop and implement the behavior intervention plan.
- Monitor the implementation of the plan.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the plan.
- Modify outcomes if necessary.
3) Developing the Behavior Intervention Plan
In order to write a positive behavior intervention plan, one must follow a series of recommendations:
- Review the target behavior after analyzing the FBA.
- Determine the factors behind increasing or decreasing the specific behavior.
- Design individual plans tailored to modifying the specific behavior.
- Determine different intervention strategies for developing an individualistic plan.
- Set a specific date for reviewing the chosen plan and evaluating its success.
- Pick appropriate methods for evaluating the chosen behavior intervention plan.
Discover more on Creating Structure for Teens With Behavioral Disorders, courtesy of our friends at Liahona Academy.
Despite instant access to textbooks and information resources, developing a behavior intervention plan is not an easy task. It requires a well-structured team, aware of the challenges ahead. Above all, it demands truth from the bullied student in question and the surrounding network of family, friends and teachers. This method has proven to be both effective and cost savvy. However, one might ruin it by handling collected data carelessly and not working within a tight-knit frame of people. Bullying is a serious issue that every member of the victim’s environment should participate in putting an end to it.